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LONG ESSAY QUESTIONS
Directions: Suggested writing time is 40 minutes. In your response, you should do the following:
• Respond to the prompt with a historically defensible thesis that establishes a line of resoning.
• Describe a broader historical context relevant to the prompt.
• Support an argument in response to the prompt using specific and relevant examples of evidence.
• Use historical reasoning (e.g., comparison, causation, continuity and change over time) to frame or structure an argument that addresses the prompt.
• Use evidence to corroborate, qualify, or modify an argument that addresses the prompt.
1. Evaluate the extent to which changes in technology influenced European life in the 14th to 16th centuries.
2. Evaluate the extent to which changes in how people viewed history influenced European life in the 14th to 16th centuries.
3. Evaluate the extent to which competition between Spain and Portugal affected overseas exploration in the 15th and 16th centuries.
4. Evaluate the extent to which the interactions with Europeans affected native peoples during the Age of Exploration.
DOCUMENT-BASED QUESTION
Directions: Question 1 is based on the accompanying documents. the documents have been edited for the purpose of this exercise. You are advised to spend 15 minutes planning and 45 minutes writing your answer. In your response, you should do the following:
• Thesis: Make a defensible claim that establishes a line of reasoning and consists of one or more sentences found in one place.
• Contextualization: Relate the argument to a broader historical context.
• Document Evidence: Use content from at least six documents.
• Outside Evidence: Use one piece of evidence not found in the documents.
• Document Sourcing: Explain how or why the point of view, purpose, situation, or intended audience is relevant for at least three documents.
• Analysis: Show the relationships among pieces of historical evidence and use them to support, qualify, or modify an argument.
1. Evaluate the extent to which the beliefs and attitudes of Europeans during the Age of Discovery and Exploration affected both the indigenous peoples of the Americas and the Europeans.
  82 EUROPEAN HISTORY: AP® EDITION














































































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