Page 33 - ap-european-history-2-sampler
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Questions 1–3 refer to the passage below.
“The foundations of all true learning must be laid in the sound and thorough knowledge of Latin: which implies study marked by a broad spirit, accurate scholarship, and careful attention to details . . .Without it the great monuments of literature are unintelligible, and the art of composition impossible. . . .
But we must not forget that true distinction is to be gained by a wide and varied range of such studies as [lead] to the profitable enjoyment of life. . . .
First amongst such studies I place History: a subject which must not on any account be neglected by one who aspires to true cultivation...For the careful study of the past enlarges our foresight in contemporary affairs and affords to citizens and to monarchs lessons of incitement or warning in the ordering of public policy. . . .
The great Orators of antiquity must by all means be included. Nowhere do we find the virtues more warmly extolled, the vices so fiercely decried. . . .
I come now to Poetry and the Poets. For we cannot point to any great mind of the past for whom the Poets had not a powerful attraction.”
—Leonardo Bruni, On Learning and Literature, c. 1405
1. The passage most clearly shows the influence of which development? (A) The use of the scientific method to critique traditional knowledge (B) Thedevelopmentofmandatorysystemsofpubliceducation
(C) A renewed interest in classical Greek and Roman texts
(D) The increase of publications questioning papal authority
2. The methods of learning described in this passage reflected most directly which change in thinking?
(A) Political revolutions based on the idea of natural rights
(B) Theapplicationofgeometricalperspectiveinartandarchitecture (C) New ideas about government and individual behavior
(D) A shift in emphasis from religious to secular ideas

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