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1. Which of the following best describes the historical context in which the theory of sovereignty expressed in the passage emerged?
(A) The shift in military power from states’ armies to monarchs’ private armies
(B) Theshiftineconomicpowerfrommerchantstolargelandowners
(C) The shift in religious power from local priests to Roman Catholic Church leaders
(D) The shift in political power from local rulers to central governments
2. Which of the following books most clearly argued for similar claims to those made by Bodin in this passage?
(A) The Prince by Niccolò Machiavelli because it argued that states needed a powerful individual ruler
(B) TheDiscoursesbyNiccolòMachiavellibecauseitarguedinfavorof a republican form of government
(C) On the Law of War and Peace by Hugo Grotius because it argued that countries should follow international laws
(D) The Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes because it argued that political power came from an agreement among people
3. Based on this passage, which power of a monarch would Bodin consider most significant?
(A) To reflect the will of the people of the country
(B) Toissuelawsthatgovernedallcitizens
(C) To follow the guidance of the state church
(D) To carry out the decisions of the governing council
Answer all parts of the question that follows.
1. a)
Describe how religious conflict influenced the development of political institutions in England from 1509 to 1547.
b) Identify ONE cause for the centralization of political power from 1450 to 1648.
Explain ONE effect of the centralization of political power from 1450 to 1648.

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