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  REFLECT ON THE ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS
Essential Question: What were the technological factors that contributed to European exploration and expansion from 1450 to 1648?
Essential Question: What were the motivations and effects of European exploration and expansion from 1450 to 1648?
  Technology and Motivations
  Effects
       KEY TERMS
Jesuits
Marco Polo
Ottoman Empire mercantilism
favorable balance of trade exports
imports
colony
Jean-Baptiste Colbert navigation
portolani cartography
lateen sails sternpost rudder astrolabe quadrant compass
 MULTIPLE-CHOICE QUESTIONS
Questions 1–3 refer to the following passage.
“From Christ, the eternal truth, we have the command ‘You must love your neighbor as yourself.’...Christ seeks souls, not property. He...thirsts not for riches, not for ease and pleasures, but for the salvation [saving] of mankind....
If you seek Indians so that gently, quietly, mildly, humanely, and in a Christian manner you instruct them in the word of God, [you] will receive an imperishable crown of glory... But if it be the order that by sword, fire, massacre, trickery, and an inhumanity that is greater than barbaric you may destroy and plunder utterly harmless peoples who are ready to renounce [turn against] evil and receive the word of God, you are children of the devil and the most horrible plunderers of all.”
—Bartolome de las Casas, In Defense of the Indians, 1548 1. According to de las Casas, what should be the main reason for
Europeans to contact indigenous peoples?
(A) To provide them with religious instruction (B) Tolearnabouttheirreligionorreligions (C) To dominate them militarily
(D) To help them find gold and other luxuries
 TOPIC 1.6 TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCES AND THE AGE OF ExPLORATION 39











































































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