Page 63 - ap-european-history-2-sampler
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Spain
Portugal
500 Miles 500 Kilometers
THE IMPACT OF THE TREATY OF TORDESILLAS
Mexico City
AZTECS
PACIFIC OCEAN
Caribbean Sea
Treaty of Tordesillas, 1494
Gulf of Mexico
ATLANTIC OCEAN
Lima
VENEZUELA
BRAZIL
In 1494, Spain and Portugal decided to divide up the Americas for themselves, without asking the people who lived there or any other countries. Portugal got the lands east of the dotted line on the map, and Spain got the lands west of the line. Pope Alexander VI brokered the deal. This is the reason Portuguese is the main language of Brazil and Spanish is the main language of most of the rest of Latin America.
ForcedLabor Toensurealaborsupply,theSpanishunderQueenIsabella had established the encomienda system. Large landowners, encomenderos, forced indigenous people to work on plantations for food and shelter. The Spanish also forced indigenous groups to do the dangerous work in gold and silver mines. With this supply of labor, tremendous wealth flowed to Spain. As part of the encomienda system, encomenderos were bound to instruct their subjects in the ways of Christianity and keep them faithful.
Jesuit missionaries tried to save the indigenous people from some of the horrors of the conquistadors. Spanish priest Bartolomé de las Casas, a member of a religious order called the Dominicans, insisted that the encomienda system and forced labor were unjust. The arguments of de las Casas persuaded Charles V to call the Council of Valladolid in Spain. This was the first time that any
SOUTH AMERICA
Potosi
TOPIC 1.7 RIVALS ON THE WORLD STAGE 43

























































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