Page 78 - ap-european-history-2-sampler
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Because it Our will that the Christians in the abovesaid island of Hispaniola live together from now on rather than being scattered through the countryside, [you should make sure that] no one lives outside the towns than are established on the island. . . .
Since the security of the land requires the construction of some forts, you are to determine the manner of building these forts and build up to three. . . .
Since We have been informed that good practice has not been followed in the cutting of brazilwood, many trees being cut down so that more dye can be obtained, you are to give orders that no one is to cut down the tree. . . .
In order that Christians and Indians shall live together in peace, friendship, and harmony, and that there be no fights or quarrels among them, you shall order that no one give or sell offensive or defensive weapons to the Indians nor exchange such weapons with them. . . .
Since there will be other things that cannot now be acted on from here as they should be, you are to inform yourself as soon as you arrive of what problems need to be dealt with and how.”
—King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, letter to the governor of Hispaniola (present-day island of Haiti and Dominican Republic), 1501
1. Which of the following provides evidence that modifies or refutes the argument that all Spaniards wanted what the monarchs called “peace, friendship, and harmony” in the colonies?
(A) The encomienda system established by the Spanish
(B) TheTreatyofTordesillassignedbySpain
(C) The goods and diseases transferred in the Columbian Exchange (D) The techniques used by some missionaries to spread Christianity
2. Which of the following best identifies the historical context for the directions in the last paragraph of the passage?
(A) The technology of the period meant that communication between Spain and its colony took many weeks.
(B) ThepoliticalviewscommonintheperiodledEuropeanmonarchs to try to decentralize power.
(C) The religious beliefs dominant in the period caused the monarchs to trust that the governor would follow God’s will.
(D) The racial attitudes shared in the period made the monarchs realize that they did not know how to interact with indigenous people.

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