Page 85 - ap-european-history-2-sampler
P. 85

Use the passage below to answer all parts of the question that follows.
“In spite of the fact that most slave ships were equipped with pistols, muskets, . . . cannons, and around-the-clock guards, slave revolts were still a recurring part of the Atlantic crossing. Although most revolts were put down, several slave mutinies were successful. In June 1730, Captain George Scott of the sloop, Little George, sailed from the Guinea Coast (in route to Rhode Island) with a cargo of some ninety-six slaves. Several days into the voyage, at four-thirty in the morning, several slaves slipped out of their irons and killed the three watchmen who were on the deck. Totally taken by surprise, the captain and his crew were forced down into the cabin, where they were imprisoned by the revolting slaves. For several days the slaves controlled the ship and managed to sail it back to the Sierra Leone River. Nonetheless, after a failed attempt to scare the slaves with a bottle bomb and threats of sinking the ship, the captain and the crew of the Little George finally resolved to make a deal with the slaves. Accordingly, both parties agreed to grant the other their freedom. Then, after making it to the shore the slaves abandoned the ship. Incidentally, the captain did try to recapture the slaves, but was too weary and malnourished to pursue them.”
—A. T. Bly, “Crossing the Lake of Fire: Slave Resistance during the Middle Passage, 1720–1842,” The Journal of Negro History, 1998
1. a) Describe ONE historical concept that this passage demonstrates.
b) Explain ONE long-term cause that led to the development described in the passage.
c) Explain ANOTHER long-term cause that led to the development described in the passage.

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